International Journal of Animal Science and Technology

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About the Record of Small Emperor Moth Saturnia Pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ― A New Species for the Moth’s Fauna of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

Received: 27 June 2023    Accepted: 18 July 2023    Published: 5 August 2023
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Abstract

The Small Emperor Moth ― Saturnia pavonia L., is a moth of the family Saturniidae. This moth occurs throughout the Palearctic region ― both eastern and western. Based on data on the distribution of the species in the South of Russia and the North Caucasus, we assumed the presence of Saturnia pavonia L. habitats on the territory of the RNO-A. The moth is classified as rare and endangered and listed in the Red Books of various ranks, obtaining new information about its distribution is an urgent task. The aim of the work was an inventory of the moth’s fauna of the republic. Standard generally accepted methods of visual observations, biomaterial collection, photo fixation and office processing of entomological materials were applied. The research was carried out from 1985 to 2023, throughout the territory of RNO-A ― from the steppe to the alpine belt, at absolute altitudes of 130-3500 m above the s. l. Many years of research have not yielded records of this species of moth. Finally, in the spring of 2023, the Small Emperor Moth was found in the west of the republic on the border with the Kabardino-Balkar Republic in wild-fruited plantings. This is the first and only discovery of this moth’s species in North Ossetia.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11
Published in International Journal of Animal Science and Technology (Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2023)
Page(s) 39-42
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

The Small Emperor Moth, Saturnia pavonia L., Distribution, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Caucasus

References
[1] Saturnia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ― Small Emperor Moth. ― URL: https://tpittaway.tripod.com/silk/s_pav.htm. (accessed: 21.06.23)
[2] Coppens B. Written by Bart Coppens; based on a real-life breeding experience [for citations in literature and publications] / B. Coppens. ― 2023. ― URL: https://breedingbutterflies.com/saturnia-pavonia-small-emperor-moth/. (accessed: 21.06.23)
[3] Mazzei P. Saturnia (Eudia) pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) / P. Mazzei, D. Morel, R. Panfili // Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. — 1999. — URL: https://www.leps.it/index.htm (accessed: 21.06.23)
[4] Wagner W. Saturnia pavonia Linnaeus, 1758 / W. Wagner // Lepidoptera and their ecology. ― URL: http://www.pyrgus.de/Saturnia_pavonia_en.html (accessed: 21.06.23)
[5] Khramov P. Saturnia pavonia Linnaeus, 1758 [Saturnia pavonia Linnaeus, 1758] / P. Khramov // Catalogue of insects of the world Insecta.pro. — 2007. — URL: https://insecta.pro/ru/taxonomy/2812. (accessed: 21.06.23) [in Russian]
[6] Zolotukhin V. V. Saturniidae [Saturniidae] / V. V. Zolotukhin // Lepidoptera catalogue of Russia. — 2022. — №2. — URL: https://www.zin.ru/publications/books/Lepidoptera_Russia/. (accessed: 21.06.23) [in Russian]
[7] Lampert K. Atlas babochek i gusenits Evropy i otchasti Russko-Aziatskikh vladenii [Atlas of Butterflies and Caterpillars of Europe and Partly Russian-Asian Possessions] / K. Lampert, N. Kholodkovskii. — SPb.: Devrien, 1913. — p. 168. [in Russian]
[8] Hofmann E. Atlas babochek Yevropi i otchasti russko-aziatskikh vladenii [Atlas of Butterflies of Europe and Partly Russian-Asian Possessions] / E. Hofmann. — SPb: Devrien, 1897. — 355 p. [in Russian].
[9] Gornostaev G. N. Nasekomye SSSR [Insects of the USSR] / G. N. Gornostaev. — M.: Mysl', 1970. — p. 236.
[10] Ehfetov K. A. Babochki Kryma (Vysshie raznousye cheshuekrylye): spravochnik [Butterflies and Moths of Crimea (Higher mottled Lepidoptera): reference book] / K. A. Ehfetov, Yu. I. Budashkin. — Simferopol': Tavriya, 1990. — p. 13-14. [in Russian]
[11] Antonova E. M. Pavlinii glaz malyi nochnoi Eudia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1761) [Small Emperor Moth Eudia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1761)] / E. M. Antonova // Krasnaya kniga SSSR. T. 1. — Izd. 2-e, pererab. i dop. [Red Book of the USSR. B. 1. — Ed. 2nd. revised and supplemented]— M.: Lesnaya prom-st', 1984. — p. 282. [in Russian]
[12] Terskov E. N. Malaya pavlinoglazka Eudia pavonia Linnaeus, 1761 [Small Emperor Moth Eudia pavonia Linnaeus, 1761] / E. N. Terskov // Krasnaya kniga Rostovskoi oblasti: Izd. 2-e. ― T. 1. Zhivotnye [Red Book of the Rostov Region: Ed. 2nd. ― B. 1. Animals]. ― Rostov n/D: Minprirody Rostovskoi oblasti, 2014. ― P. 638-643 [In Russian]
[13] Tikhonov V. V. Pavlinoglazka malaya Saturnia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) [Small Emperor Moth Saturnia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758)] / V. V. Tikhonov // Krasnaya kniga Stavropol'skogo kraya. ― T. 2. Zhivotnye [Red Book of the Stavropol Krai. ― B. 2. Animals]. ― Stavropol: OOO «ASTERISK», 2013. ― p. 87. [in Russian]
[14] Abdurakhmanov G. M. Pavlinii glaz malyi nochnoi Eudia pavonia Linnaeus [Small Emperor Moth Eudia pavonia Linnaeus] / G. M. Abdurakhmanov, A. D. Potieva // Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Ingushetiya [Red Book of the Republic of Ingushetia]. ― Magas: Serdalo, 2007. ― p. 183 [In Russian].
[15] Abdurakhmanov G. M. Pavlinoglazka malaya [Small Emperor Moth] / G. M. Abdurakhmanov, R. Kh. Gairabekova, Sh. A. Kushalieva // Krasnaya kniga Chechenskoj Respubliki [Red Book of the Chechen Republic]; — Grozny: South Publishing House, 2007. — p. 220. [in Russian]
[16] Dedyukhin S. V. Printsipi i metodi ekologo-faunisticheskikh issledovanii nazemnikh nasekomikh: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [Principles and Methods of Ecological and Faunal Studies of Terrestrial Insects: Educational and Methodological Manual] / S. V. Dedyukhin. — Izhevsk: Udmurt University Publishing House, 2011. — 93 p. [in Russian]
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    Vitaly Dobronosov, Roald Kaupush, Muslim Sarakuev. (2023). About the Record of Small Emperor Moth Saturnia Pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ― A New Species for the Moth’s Fauna of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. International Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 7(3), 39-42. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11

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    ACS Style

    Vitaly Dobronosov; Roald Kaupush; Muslim Sarakuev. About the Record of Small Emperor Moth Saturnia Pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ― A New Species for the Moth’s Fauna of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. Int. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. 2023, 7(3), 39-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11

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    AMA Style

    Vitaly Dobronosov, Roald Kaupush, Muslim Sarakuev. About the Record of Small Emperor Moth Saturnia Pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ― A New Species for the Moth’s Fauna of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. Int J Anim Sci Technol. 2023;7(3):39-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11,
      author = {Vitaly Dobronosov and Roald Kaupush and Muslim Sarakuev},
      title = {About the Record of Small Emperor Moth Saturnia Pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ― A New Species for the Moth’s Fauna of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania},
      journal = {International Journal of Animal Science and Technology},
      volume = {7},
      number = {3},
      pages = {39-42},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijast.20230703.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijast.20230703.11},
      abstract = {The Small Emperor Moth ― Saturnia pavonia L., is a moth of the family Saturniidae. This moth occurs throughout the Palearctic region ― both eastern and western. Based on data on the distribution of the species in the South of Russia and the North Caucasus, we assumed the presence of Saturnia pavonia L. habitats on the territory of the RNO-A. The moth is classified as rare and endangered and listed in the Red Books of various ranks, obtaining new information about its distribution is an urgent task. The aim of the work was an inventory of the moth’s fauna of the republic. Standard generally accepted methods of visual observations, biomaterial collection, photo fixation and office processing of entomological materials were applied. The research was carried out from 1985 to 2023, throughout the territory of RNO-A ― from the steppe to the alpine belt, at absolute altitudes of 130-3500 m above the s. l. Many years of research have not yielded records of this species of moth. Finally, in the spring of 2023, the Small Emperor Moth was found in the west of the republic on the border with the Kabardino-Balkar Republic in wild-fruited plantings. This is the first and only discovery of this moth’s species in North Ossetia.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AB  - The Small Emperor Moth ― Saturnia pavonia L., is a moth of the family Saturniidae. This moth occurs throughout the Palearctic region ― both eastern and western. Based on data on the distribution of the species in the South of Russia and the North Caucasus, we assumed the presence of Saturnia pavonia L. habitats on the territory of the RNO-A. The moth is classified as rare and endangered and listed in the Red Books of various ranks, obtaining new information about its distribution is an urgent task. The aim of the work was an inventory of the moth’s fauna of the republic. Standard generally accepted methods of visual observations, biomaterial collection, photo fixation and office processing of entomological materials were applied. The research was carried out from 1985 to 2023, throughout the territory of RNO-A ― from the steppe to the alpine belt, at absolute altitudes of 130-3500 m above the s. l. Many years of research have not yielded records of this species of moth. Finally, in the spring of 2023, the Small Emperor Moth was found in the west of the republic on the border with the Kabardino-Balkar Republic in wild-fruited plantings. This is the first and only discovery of this moth’s species in North Ossetia.
    VL  - 7
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Author Information
  • Department of Science, FSBI “Reserved Ossetia ― Alania”, Alagir, Russian Federation

  • Forestry Department, SBVEI “North Caucasus College of Mechanization, Forestry Automation and Management”, Alagir, Russian Federation

  • Forestry Department, SBVEI “North Caucasus College of Mechanization, Forestry Automation and Management”, Alagir, Russian Federation

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