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Research Article |

Economic Profitability and Constraints of Commercial Beef Cattle Fattening in East Shewa Oromia Region, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in the Adama, Lome, and Adami-Tulu districts of the East Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State to assess the economic profitability and constraints of commercial beef cattle fattening. A questionnaire-based formal survey was conducted using a cross-sectional survey by interviewing 45 feedlot operators purposively selected from the three districts. Quantitative and qualitative data on beef cattle fattening systems were obtained. The average total weight gain and average daily weight gain of animals recorded in 90 days of fattening was significantly higher (P<0.05) for large (97.7±1.16; 1.09±0.01) and medium (97.58±1.16; 1.09±0.01) than for small-scale (91.04±1.169 kg; 1.01±0.01 kg) commercial fattening. Whereas, the average weight gain and daily weight gain recorded across the phase of fattening was significantly higher (P<0.001) for initial (33.18±0.44; 1.11±0.01) and middle (31.79±0.44; 1.06±0.01) phase as compared to small scale (30.46±0.44 kg; 1.02±0.01 kg) commercial fattening. The average weight gain recorded was significantly (P<0.001) higher in the initial phase (1.11 kg /day) than in the middle (1.06 kg /day) and final phase (1.02 kg/day) phases of fattening. The highest profit was made for large-scale commercial fattening compared to medium- and small-scale commercial fattening. However, the highest unit profit was made for medium-scale commercial fattening compared to small- and large-scale commercial fattening. It was concluded that large-scale feedlot operators are better at cattle management and earning profits than medium- and small-scale feedlot operators. Therefore, policies aimed at increasing access to modern inputs and markets, developing and improving infrastructure, product upgrading by farmers, and investment in abattoirs are crucial, and cooperative development is recommended to accelerate beef cattle development.

Beef Cattle, Commercial, Economic Profitability, Ethiopia

Genet Dadi. (2023). Economic Profitability and Constraints of Commercial Beef Cattle Fattening in East Shewa Oromia Region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 7(4), 57-65.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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